What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a term used to refer to specific areas of learning difficulties. These difficulties are usually characterized by problems with sounding out words, spelling accurately, as well as reading quickly and accurately.
Dyslexia is a type of learning disorder. As psychologists, we may refer to dyslexia as a “specific learning disorder” for diagnostic purposes.
What are common signs of dyslexia?
- Difficulty learning letter names and letter sounds
- Difficulty blending sounds together
- Difficulty rhyming
- Difficulty spelling words
- Difficulty understanding what is read
How many children have dyslexia?
It is estimated that about 5-10 percent of people likely have dyslexia, but some studies believe it is actually much higher: up to 17%.
How do I know if my child has dyslexia?
Response to Intervention (RTI) is being used by many school districts. With this approach, students may receive an Individualized Education Program (IEP) after failing to make progress with Tiered intervention services. After significant intervention is attempted, a school will provide an IEP and give an educational diagnosis of a “specific learning disability.”
With a private evaluation, comprehensive testing is usually completed looking at your child’s intelligence (IQ) and academic skills. With this evaluation, we will know where your child is functioning academically, compared to other children in their grade. A psychologist will also review previous interventions attempted.
Can my child with dyslexia learn to read?
Yes! Absolutely! Research has shown that if effective intervention is given, children will have significantly fewer problems in learning to read at grade level. We know that the earlier children receive intervention the better. “74 percent of children who display reading problems in 3rd grade will remain poor readers into adulthood unless they receive special instruction.”
What intervention is best?
Many popular reading approaches are not usually effective for students with dyslexia as they do not focus on the core principles needed: decoding.
Research has shown that Structured Literacy is the best approach!
Structured Literacy involves direct instruction of decoding strategies. Structured Literacy is a form of teaching that is systematic meaning that the intervention follows a specific order. It is also cumulative meaning that each level is based on previous concepts taught.
How can I get help for my child?
Foundations Pediatrics offers evidence-based programs with a Structured Literacy approach to help your child. Contact us today to schedule your first 1:1 tutoring appointment!